The impact of stress on gene expression in different cell types of the brain remains poorly characterized. Three pioneering studies have recently used translating ribosome affinity purification followed by RNA sequencing (TRAP-seq) to assess the response to stress in CA3 pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus. The results suggest that acute stress alters the translation of thousands of genes in CA3 pyramidal neurons, and that this response is strongly modulated by factors such as sex, genotype and a history of early life stress. However, our reanalysis of these datasets leads to different conclusions. We confirm that acute stress induces robust translational changes in a small set of genes. However, we found no evidence that either early life stress or sex have an effect on gene translation induced by acute stress. Our findings highlight the need for additional studies with adequate sample sizes and proper methods of analysis to assess the impact of stress across cell types in the brain.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience