May 9, 2021

The human brain’s intrinsic network architecture is organized to represent diverse cognitive task information

A set of distributed cognitive control networks are known to contribute to diverse cognitive demands, yet it is unclear how these networks gain this domain-general capacity. We hypothesized that this capacity is largely due to the particular organization of the human brain’s intrinsic network architecture. Specifically, we tested the possibility that each brain region’s domain generality is reflected in its level of global (hub-like) intrinsic connectivity, as well as its particular global connectivity topography. Consistent with prior work, we found that cognitive control networks exhibited domain generality, as they represented diverse task context information covering sensory, motor response, and logic rule domains. Supporting our hypothesis, we found that the level of global intrinsic connectivity (as estimated with task-free fMRI) was correlated with domain generality during tasks. Further, using a novel information fingerprint mapping approach, we found that each brain region’s unique cognitive rule response profile could be predicted based on its unique intrinsic connectivity pattern. Together these results suggest that the human brain’s intrinsic network architecture supports its ability to represent diverse cognitive task information, largely via the placement of cognitive control networks within the brain’s global network organization

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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