January 22, 2021

The autophagy activator Spermidine ameliorates Alzheimer’s disease pathology and neuroinflammation in mice

Deposition of amyloid beta (A{beta}) and phosphorylated Tau along with microglia- and astrocyte-mediated neuroinflammation are prominent pathogeneic features of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In recent years, impairment of autophagy has also been shown to contribute to AD progression. Here, we provide evidence that oral treatment of amyloid-prone AD-like APPPS1 mice with the autophagy activator Spermidine, a small body-endogenous polyamine often used as dietary supplement, decreased neuroinflammation and reduced neurotoxic soluble A{beta} at both early and late stages of AD. Mechanistically, Spermidine induced autophagy in microglia as well as in astrocytes, which subsequently impacted TLR3- and TLR4-mediated inflammatory processes by decreasing cytotoxicity, inflammasome activity and NF-{kappa}B signalling. Our data highlight that autophagy targets the inflammatory response of glial cells and emphasize the potential of orally administered autophagy-activating drugs such as Spermidine to interfere with AD progression.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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