Action and perception need to be coordinated continuously over time, and neural oscillations may be instrumental in achieving such synchronization. Here we demonstrate that behavioral visual discrimination and the BOLD activity of V1 oscillates rhythmically in the theta range (around 5 Hz), synchronized to motor action (button press). The oscillations are present in V1 even when participants do not make a visual discrimination, suggesting an automatic modulation in synchrony with action onset. The amplitude of the oscillation in V1 is predicted by the activity in M1 before action onset, and functional connectivity between V1 and M1 change as a function of stimulus-delay. The results are well modelled by considering that V1 BOLD is modulated by preparatory motor signal and by rhythmic gain modulation in phase with action onset. They suggest that synchronous oscillatory activity between V1 and M1 mediates the strong temporal binding fundamental for active visual perception.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience