October 30, 2020

Sub-optimal Discontinuous Current-Clamp switching rates lead to deceptive mouse neuronal firing

Intracellular recordings using sharp micro-electrodes often rely on a technique called Discontinuous Current-Clamp to accurately record the membrane potential while injecting current through the same micro-electrode. It is well known that a poor choice of DCC switching rate can lead to under- or over-estimation of the cell potential, however, its effect on the cell firing is rarely discussed. Here, we show that sub-optimal switching rates lead to an overestimation of the cell excitability. We performed intracellular recordings of mouse spinal motoneurons, and recorded their firing in response to pulses and ramps of current in bridge and DCC mode at various switching rates. We demonstrate that using an incorrect (too low) DCC frequency lead not only to an overestimation of the cell conductance, but also, paradoxically, to an artificial overestimation the firing of these cells: neurons fire at lower current, and at higher frequencies than at higher DCC rates, or than the same neuron recorded in Bridge mode. These effects are dependent on the membrane time constant of the recorded cell, and special care needs to be taken in large cells with very short time constants. Our work highlights the importance of choosing an appropriate DCC switching rate to obtain not only accurate membrane potential readings, but also accurate representation of the firing of the cell.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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