November 28, 2020

Striatal low-threshold spiking interneurons locally gate dopamine during learning

Low-threshold spiking interneurons (LTSIs) in the dorsomedial striatum are potent modulators of goal-directed learning. Here, we uncover a novel function for LTSIs in locally and directly gating striatal dopamine, using in vitro fast scan cyclic voltammetry as well as in vivo GRAB-DA sensor imaging and pharmacology during operant learning. We demonstrate that LTSIs, acting via GABAB signaling, attenuate dopamine release, thereby serving as local coordinators of striatal plasticity.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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