October 26, 2020

Standing on elevated platform changes postural responses during arm movement

This study investigated the muscle activity during the preparatory (anticipatory postural adjustment, APA), execution (online postural adjustments, OPA), and compensatory (compensatory postural adjustment, CPA) phases during standing with eyes opened or closed on an elevated platform. Eight healthy young women stood in the upright position, with eyes opened or closed, and did as-fast-as-they-could shoulder flexions on the ground and on 1-m-height-portable-elevated-platform. The surface EMG of trunk (lumbar extensor, and rectus abdominis) and lower limb (rectus femoris, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius lateralis) muscles during this task were recorded (1 kHz sampling frequency) and compared during these three phases. Analysis of variance was applied to compare the effects of height (floor and elevated platform), vision (open and closed), and postural adjustment (APA, OPA and CPA) into the activity of each muscle. These muscles were more active during OPA (p<0.0001) and less active during APA. On the elevated platform, these postural muscles presented more activty during APA (p<0.001). During the most stable condition (on the ground with eyes opened), muscle activity during APA and OPA was negatively correlated, and not correlated between OPA and CPA. Our results suggest postural control adapts to sensory, motor, and cognitive conditions. Therefore, the increased demand for postural control, generated due to the height of the support base, provokes the need for greater flexibility of postural synergies and causes a change in muscle activity.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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