May 18, 2021

Recovery from form-deprivation myopia in chicks is dependent upon the fullness and correlated colour temperature of the light spectrum

<p>Background: To evaluate the impact of full-spectrum light-emitting diodes (LEDs) mimicking sunlight on ocular axial elongation and refractive error development in a chicken model of myopia. Methods: A total of 39 chicks (Lohmann brown), 1 day-old, were randomly distributed into 3 groups. Animals were housed for 28 days in a temperature-controlled enclosure, under a 12/12h light/dark cycle of isoluminant (~285 Lux) fluorescent [n = 18, (4000K, FL-4000)] or Sunlike-LED [n=12, (4000K, SL-4000); n = 9, (6500K, SL-6500)] white lights. Myopia was induced monocularly in all chicks by random occlusion of one eye with a frosted diffuser, from day 1 post-hatching (D1) until D14. On D14, diffusers were removed, and recovery from myopia was monitored under the same experimental light condition. Axial length (AL), refractive status, choroidal thickness and anterior chamber depth were recorded on days 1, 7, 14, 22 and 28. Ex vivo scleral collagen fibre thicknesses were measured from scanning electron microscopy images. Differences in outcome measures between eyes and groups were compared using 2-way repeated-measures ANOVA. Results: There was no significant difference between groups in the AL and refraction of form-deprived (FD) eyes during form-deprivation (D1 to D14). FD eyes of animals raised under SL-4000 and SL-6500 recovered more rapidly from excessive axial elongation than those of animals raised under FL-4000, by D22 and D28. Correspondingly, the refractive status of FD eyes exposed to SL-4000 and SL-6500 was close to that of control eyes by D28. The choroid became thicker during recovery in FD eyes compared to control eyes, in all groups. Choroidal thickness was significantly greater in FD eyes of chickens raised under SL-6500 than in animals raised under FL-4000 (P &lt; 0.01). The diameter of scleral collagen fibrils was significantly greater in recovering FD eyes of chickens raised under SL-6500, than in those raised under FL-4000 (P = 0.04) and SL-4000 (P = 0.002). Conclusions: Compared to fluorescent light, moderate intensities of full-spectrum Sunlike-LEDs can accelerate recovery from form-deprivation myopia in chickens, potentially through choroid-mediated pathways increasing the diameter of scleral collagen fibrils. This study highlights an important implication of the spectral content of white light on ocular growth and emmetropization.</p>
<p> bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience</p>
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