February 27, 2021

Perivascular Space Semi-Automatic Segmentation (PVSSAS): A Tool for Segmenting, Viewing and Editing Perivascular Spaces

Objective: In this study, we validate and describe a user-friendly tool for PVS tracing that uses a Frangi-based detection algorithm; which will be made freely available to aid in future clinical and research applications. All PVS detected by the semi-automated method had a match with the manual dataset and 94% of the manual PVS had a match within the semi-automated dataset. Methods: We deployed a Frangi-based filter using a pre-existing Matlab toolbox. The PVSSAS tool pre-processes the images and is optimized for maximum effectiveness in this application. A user-friendly GUI was developed to aid the speed and ease in marking large numbers of PVS across the entire brain at once. Results: Using a tolerance of 0.7 cm, 83% of all PVSs detected by the semi-automated method had a match with the manual dataset and 94% of the manual PVS had a match within the semi-automated dataset. As shown in figure 3, there was generally excellent agreement between the manual and semi-automated markings in any given slice. Significance: The primary benefit of PVSSAS will be time saved marking PVS. Clinical MRI use is likely to become more widespread in the diagnosis, treatment, and study of MS and other degenerative neurological conditions in the coming years. Tools like the one presented here will be invaluable in ensuring that the tracing and quantitative analysis of these PVS does not act as a bottle neck to treatment and further research. Keywords: Perivascular Spaces, Semi-Automated, Frangi filter, Matlab, 7 T MRI, User-friendly

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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