Increasing evidence supports the idea that the CA1 of the hippocampus plays an important role in the pathogenesis of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). There is however a lack of proof that the over-excitation of CA1 alone is sufficient in inducing seizures in vivo. Furthermore, the relevance of the seizures induced from the over-excitation of CA1 to the pathophysiology of TLE is undetermined. Here, we employed optogenetics to activate pyramidal neurons (PNs) in CA1, which reliably induced generalized seizures in freely moving non-epileptic mice. We showed that repeated photostimulations had a kindling effect. In addition, seizures induced by over-active CA1 PNs were dominated by two distinctive onset patterns, i.e. hypersynchronous (HYP) and low voltage fast (LVF) activities, which are widely recorded in patients with and animal models of TLE. In our study, HYP seizures were predominantly associated with the first photostimulation and were entirely replaced by the LVF type afterwards. This phenomenon suggests that the activation of CA1 PNs, when occurring after the first seizure, could lead to the recruitment of GABAergic interneurons to participate in the seizure generation. These findings suggest that seizures induced from the over-excitation of CA1 PNs likely involved the same hippocampal networks and cellular mechanisms underlying TLE.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience