February 28, 2021

Novel age-dependent cortico-subcortical morphologic interactions predict fluid intelligence: A multi-cohort geometric deep learning study.

Brain structure is tightly coupled with brain functions, but it remains unclear how cognition is related to brain morphology, and what is consistent across neurodevelopment. In this work, we developed graph convolutional neural networks (gCNNs) to predict Fluid Intelligence (Gf) from shapes of cortical ribbons and subcortical structures. T1-weighted MRIs from two independent cohorts, the Human Connectome Project (HCP; age: 28.81 {+/-} 3.70) and the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study (ABCD; age: 9.93 {+/-} 0.62) were independently analyzed. Cortical and subcortical surfaces were extracted and modeled as surface meshes. Three gCNNs were trained and evaluated using six-fold nested cross-validation. Overall, combining cortical and subcortical surfaces yielded the best predictions on both HCP (R=0.454) and ABCD datasets (R=0.314), and outperformed the current literature. Across both datasets, the morphometry of the amygdala and hippocampus, along with temporal, parietal and cingulate cortex consistently drove the prediction of Gf, suggesting a novel reframing of the morphometry underlying Gf.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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