State-of-the-art multi-compartment microstructural models of diffusion MRI (dMRI) in the human brain have limited capability to model multiple tissues at the same time. In particular, the available techniques that allow this multi-tissue modelling are based on multi-TE acquisitions. In this work we propose a novel multi-tissue formulation of classical multi-compartment models that relies on more common single-TE acquisitions and can be employed in the analysis of previously acquired datasets. We show how modelling multiple tissues provides a new interpretation of the concepts of signal fraction and volume fraction in the context of multi-compartment modelling. The software that allows to inspect single-TE diffusion MRI data with multi-tissue multi-compartment models is included in the publicly available Dmipy Python package.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience