November 25, 2020

Modular and state-relevant connectivity in high-frequency resting-state BOLD fMRI data: An independent component analysis

Resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) data are typically filtered at different frequency bins between 0.008~0.2 Hz (varies across the literature) prior to analysis to mitigate nuisance variables (e.g., drift, motion, cardiac, and respiratory) and maximize the sensitivity to neuronal-mediated BOLD signal. However, multiple lines of evidence suggest meaningful BOLD signal may also be parsed at higher frequencies. To test this notion, a functional network connectivity (FNC) analysis based on a spatially informed independent component analysis (ICA) was performed at seven different bandpass frequency bins to examine FNC matrices across spectra. Further, eyes open (EO) vs. eyes closed (EC) resting-state acquisitions from the same participants were compared across frequency bins to examine if EO vs. EC FNC matrices and randomness estimations of FNC matrices are distinguishable at different frequencies. Results show that FNCs in higher-frequency bins display modular FNC similar to the lowest frequency bin, while r-to-z FNC and FNC-based measures indicating matrix non-randomness were highest in the 0.31-0.46 Hz range relative to all frequency bins above and below this range. As such, the FNC within this range appears to be the most temporally correlated, but the mechanisms facilitating this coherence require further analyses. Compared to EO, EC displayed greater FNC (involved in visual, cognitive control, somatomotor, and auditory domains) and randomness values at lower frequency bins, but this phenomenon flipped (EO > EC) at frequency bins greater than 0.46 Hz, particularly within visual regions. While the effect sizes range from small to large specific to frequency range and resting state (EO vs. EC), with little influence from common artifacts. These differences indicate that unique information can be derived from FNC between BOLD signals at different frequencies relative to a given resting-state acquisition and support the hypothesis meaningful BOLD signal is present at higher frequency ranges.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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