KCNQ-Kv7 channels are found at the axon initial segment of pyramidal neurons where they control cell firing and membrane potential. In oriens lacunosum moleculare (O-LM) interneurons, these channels are mainly expressed in the dendrites, suggesting a peculiar function of Kv7 channels in these neurons. The physiology of Kv7 channels is well characterized today but the precise contribution of these channels to neuronal plasticity is still unknown. Here, we show that Kv7 channel activity is up-regulated following induction of presynaptic long-term synaptic depression (LTD) in O-LM interneurons, thus resulting in a synergistic long-term depression of intrinsic neuronal excitability (LTD-IE). Both LTD and LTD-IE involve endocannabinoid (eCB) biosynthesis for their induction. Molecular modeling shows strong interaction of eCBs with Kv7.2/3 channel, suggesting a persistent action of these lipids on Kv7 channel activity. Our data thus unveil a major role for eCB synthesis in triggering both synaptic and intrinsic depression in O-LM interneurons.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience