The wide variety of cell types and their inherent biophysical complexities pose a challenge to our understanding of oscillatory activities produced by cellular-based computational models. This challenge stems from the high-dimensional and multi-parametric nature of these systems. To overcome this issue, we implement systematic comparisons of minimal and detailed models of CA1 microcircuits that generate intra-hippocampal theta rhythms (3-12 Hz). We leverage insights from minimal models to guide detailed model explorations and obtain a cellular perspective of theta generation. Our findings distinguish the pyramidal cells as the theta rhythm initiators and reveal that their activity is regularized by the inhibitory cell populations, supporting an inhibition-based tuning mechanism. We find a strong correlation between the pyramidal cell input current and the resulting LFP theta frequency, establishing that the intrinsic pyramidal cell properties underpin network frequency characteristics. This work provides a cellular-based foundation from which in vivo theta activities can be explored.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience