May 18, 2021

Impaired bidirectional communication between interneurons and oligodendrocyte precursor cells affects cognitive behavior

<p>Cortical neural circuits are complex but very precise networks of balanced excitation and inhibition (E/I). Yet, the molecular and cellular mechanisms that form the E/I balance are just beginning to emerge. Here, using conditional GABAB receptor-deficient mice we identified a GABA/TNF-related cytokine (TNFSF12)-mediated bidirectional communication pathway between Parvalbumin-positive (PV+) fast spiking interneurons and oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) that determines the density and function of interneurons in the developing medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Interruption of the GABAergic signaling to OPCs resulted in reduced myelination and hypoactivity of interneurons, strong changes of cortical network activities and impaired cognitive behavior. In conclusion, glial transmitter receptors are pivotal elements in finetuning distinct brain functions.</p>
<p> bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience</p>
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