January 16, 2021

Hybrid Hyperalignment: A single high-dimensional model of shared information embedded in cortical patterns of response and functional connectivity

Shared information content is represented across brains in idiosyncratic functional topographies. Hyperalignment addresses these idiosyncrasies by using neural responses to project individuals’ brain data into a common model space while maintaining the geometric relationships between distinct activity patterns. The dimensions of this common model can encode any kind of functional profiles shared across individuals, such as cortical response profiles collected during a common time-locked stimulus presentation (e.g. movie viewing) or functional connectivity profiles. Performing hyperalignment with either response-based or connectivity-based input data derives transformations to project individuals’ neural data from anatomical space into the common model such that functional information is optimally aligned across brains. Previously, only response or connectivity profiles were used in the derivation of these transformations. In this study, we used three separate data sets collected while participants watched feature films to derive transformations representing both response-based and connectivity-based information with a single algorithm. Our new method, hybrid hyperalignment, aligns response-based information as well as or better than response hyperalignment while simultaneously aligning connectivity-based information better than connectivity hyperalignment, all in one information space. These results suggest that a single common information space could encode both shared cortical response and functional connectivity profiles across individuals.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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