March 8, 2021

Human neuronal networks on micro-electrode arrays are a highly robust tool to study disease-specific genotype-phenotype correlations in vitro

Micro-electrode arrays (MEAs) are increasingly used to characterize neuronal network activity of human induced pluripotent stem-cell (hiPSC)-derived neurons. Despite their gain in popularity, MEA recordings from hiPSC-derived neuronal networks are not always used to their full potential in respect to experimental design, execution and data analysis. Therefore, we benchmarked the robustness and sensitivity of MEA-derived neuronal activity patterns derived from ten healthy individual control lines. We provide recommendations on experimental design and analysis to achieve standardization. With such standardization, MEAs can be used as a reliable platform to distinguish (disease-specific) network phenotypes. In conclusion, we show that MEAs are a powerful and robust tool to uncover functional neuronal network phenotypes from hiPSC-derived neuronal networks, and provide an important resource to advance the hiPSC field towards the use of MEAs for disease-phenotyping and drug discovery.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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