February 25, 2021

Electrophysiological maturation and increased excitability of human iPSC-derived neurons in HTR2A variant-related sleep bruxism

Sleep bruxism (SB) is a sleep-related movement disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth during sleep. We previously found a significant association between SB and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs6313, in the neuronal serotonin 2A receptor gene (HTR2A), and established human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived neurons from SB patients with a genetic variant. To elucidate the electrophysiological characteristics of SB iPSC-derived neural cells bearing a SB-related genetic variant, we generated ventral hindbrain neurons from two SB patients and two unaffected controls and explored the intrinsic membrane properties of these neurons by patch-clamp technique. We found that the electrophysiological properties of the iPSC-derived neurons from the control line mature in a time-dependent manner in long-term cultures. In the early stage of neurogenesis, neurons from two SB lines tended to display shorter action potential (AP) half durations, which led to an increased cell capability of evoked firing. This is the first in vitro modelling of SB using disease-specific hiPSCs. The revealed electrophysiological characteristics may serve as a benchmark for further investigation of pathogenic mechanisms underlying SB.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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