October 24, 2020

Distributed source modeling of intracranial stereoelectroencephalographic measurements

Intracranial stereoelectroencephalography (sEEG) provides unsurpassed sensitivity and specificity for human neurophysiology. However, sEEG group analyses are complicated because the electrode implantations differ greatly across individuals. Here, using an auditory experiment as the test case, we developed a distributed, anatomically realistic sEEG source-modeling approach for within- and between-subject analyses. In addition to intracranial event-related potentials (iERP), we also estimated the sources of high broadband gamma activity (HBBG), a putative correlate of local neural firing. The source models accounted for a significant portion of the variance of the sEEG measurements in leave-one-out cross-validation. After logarithmic transformations, the sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio were linearly inversely related to the minimal distance between the brain location and electrode contacts (slope{approx}-3.6). The HGGB source estimates were remarkably consistent with analyses of intracranial-contact data. In conclusion, distributed sEEG source modeling provides a powerful neuroimaging tool, which facilitates anatomically-normalized group analyses of both iERP and HBBG.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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