Blood-based biomarkers have proven to be a reliable measure of traumatic brain injury (TBI) severity and outcome, in both murine models and patients. In particular, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and neurofilament light (NFL) have been investigated in the clinical setting post injury. Ethanol intoxication (EI) remains a significant comorbidity in TBI, with 30-40% of patients having a positive blood alcohol level (BAC) post TBI. The effect of ethanol on blood-based biomarkers on the prognosis and diagnosis of TBI remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effect of EI on NSE and NFL and their correlation with blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity in a murine model of TBI. We have used ultra-sensitive single molecule array technology (SIMOA) and ELISA methods to measure NFL, NSE and Claudin-5 concentrations in plasma 3h post TBI. We showed that both NFL and NSE were increased 3h post TBI. However, ethanol blood concentrations only showed an inverse correlation with NSE, but not NFL. Claudin-5 levels were increased post injury, but no difference was detected in EI. The Claudin-5 increase post TBI was correlated with NFL, but not with NSE. Thus, the data indicate that ethanol has a confined effect on biomarker release in the bloodstream and neuronal biomarkers reflect a different pathophysiology upon TBI.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience