Intellectual disability is closely related to impaired GABA neurotransmission. Brpf1 was specifically expressed in medial ganglionic eminence (MGE), a developmental niche of GABAergic interneurons, and patients with BRPF1 mutations were mentally retarded. To test its role in development and function of MGE-derived GABAergic interneurons, we performed immunofluorescence staining, whole-cell patch-clamp, MGE transplantation and mRNA-Seq to understand its effect on neuronal differentiation, dendritic morphology, electrophysiology, migration and gene regulation, using mouse MGE-derived GABAergic interneurons infected with AAV-shBrpf1. We found a decreasing trend on parvalbumin+ interneuron differentiation. Moreover, increased firing threshold, decreased number of evoked APs, and a reduced amplitude of mIPSCs were observed before any significant change of MAP2+ dendritic morphology and in vivo migration appeared. Finally, mRNA-Seq analysis revealed that genes related to neurodevelopment and synaptic transmission such as Map2k7 were dysregulated. Our results demonstrated a key role of Brpf1 in inhibitory neurotransmission and related gene expression of GABAergic interneurons.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience