April 20, 2021

Working Memory Performance after Daily Caffeine Intake: Compromised Performance and Reduced Hippocampal Activity.

<p>Neuroprotective effects of caffeine have been frequently reported in the context of disease and cognitive dysfunction as well as in epidemiological studies in humans. However, evidence on caffeine effects on …

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Babytwins Study Sweden (BATSS): A multi-method infant twin study of genetic and environmental factors influencing infant brain and behavioral development

<p>Twin studies can help us understand the relative contributions of genes and environment to phenotypic trait variation including attentional and brain activation measures. In terms of applying methodologies like electroencephalography …

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Central nervous system hypomyelination disrupts axonal conduction and behaviour in larval zebrafish

<p>Myelination is essential for central nervous system (CNS) formation, health and function. As a model organism, larval zebrafish have been extensively employed to investigate the molecular and cellular basis of …

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Transient dopamine neuron activity precedes and encodes the vigor of contralateral movements

<p>Dopamine neurons (DANs) in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) have been related to movement vigor, and loss of these neurons leads to bradykinesia in Parkinson’s disease. However, it remains …

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Ligands binding to the cellular prion protein induce its protective proteolytic release with therapeutic potential in neurodegenerative proteinopathies

<p>The cellular prion protein (PrPC) is a central player in neurodegenerative diseases caused by protein misfolding, such as prion diseases or Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Expression levels of this GPI-anchored glycoprotein, …

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Redundant neural circuits regulate olfactory masking

<p>Olfactory masking is a complex olfactory response found in humans. However, the mechanisms whereby the presence of one odorant masks the sensory and behavioral responses elicited by another odorant are …

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Flexible Simultaneous Mesoscale Two-Photon Imaging of Neural Activity at High Speeds

<p>Understanding brain function requires monitoring local and global brain dynamics. Two-photon imaging of the brain across mesoscopic scales has presented trade-offs between imaging area and acquisition speed. We describe a …

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Basal forebrain parvalbumin neurons modulate vigilant attention.

<p>Attention is impaired in many neuropsychiatric disorders and by sleep disruption, leading to decreased workplace productivity and increased risk of accidents. Thus, understanding the underlying neural substrates is important for …

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“Thinking out loud”: an open-access EEG-based BCI dataset for inner speech recognition

<p>Surface electroencephalography is a standard and noninvasive way to measure electrical brain activity. Recent advances in artificial intelligence led to significant improvements in the automatic detection of brain patterns, allowing …

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Cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in LTP induced by mild theta-burst stimulation in hippocampal slices from young male rats: from weaning to adulthood.

<p>Long-term potentiation (LTP) is a highly studied phenomenon yet the essential vs. modulatory transduction and GABAergic pathways involved in LTP elicited by theta-burst stimulation (TBS) in the CA1 area of …

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