Oligodendrocytes are extensively coupled to astrocytes, a phenomenon ensuring glial homeostasis and maintenance of CNS myelin. Molecular disruption of this communication occurs in demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis. Less is known about the vulnerability and reconstruction of the panglial network during adult demyelination-remyelination. Here, we took advantage of LPC-induced demyelination to investigate the expression dynamics of the oligodendrocyte specific connexin 47 (Cx47) and whether this dynamic could be modulated by grafted iPSC-neural progeny. Our data show that deconstruction of the panglial network following demyelination is larger in size than demyelination. Loss of Cx47 expression is timely rescued during remyelination and accelerated by the grafted neural precursors. Moreover, mouse and human iPS-derived oligodendrocytes express Cx47, which co-labels with astrocyte Cx43, indicating their integration into the panglial network. These data suggest that full lesion repair following transplantation occurs by panglial reconstruction in addition to remyelination. Targeting panglial elements by cell therapy or pharmacological compounds may help accelerating or stabilizing re/myelination in myelin disorders.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience