Functional and structural connections vary across conditions, measurements, and time. However, how to resolve multi-relational measures of connectivity remains an open challenge. Here, we propose an extension of structural covariance and morphometric similarity methods to integrate multiple estimates of connectivity into a single edge-centric network representation. We highlight the utility of this method through two applications: an analysis of multi-task functional connectivity data and multi-measure structural networks. In these analyses, we use data-driven clustering techniques to identify collections of edges that covary across tasks and measures, reveal overlapping mesoscale architecture. We also link these features to node-level properties such as modularity and canonical descriptors of brain systems. We further demonstrate that, in the case of multi-task functional networks, edge-level features are consistent across individuals yet exhibit subject-specificity. We conclude by highlighting other instances where the edge-centric model may be useful.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience