October 31, 2020

Acute neonatal oxytocin impacts hippocampal network development and restores adult social memory deficits in a mouse model of autism spectrum disorder.

Several studies on rodent models with an Autism Spectrum Disorders-like (ASD) phenotype, notably Magel2-deficient mice, have shown a rescue of deficits in adult social behavior after neonatal administration of oxytocin. However, the neurobiological alterations responsible for the social deficits and the mechanism by which oxytocin-administration in infancy has a rescue effect in adulthood remain unclear. Here we show that Magel2-deficient adult mice exhibit a deficit in social memory that is corrected by neonatal oxytocin administration. We studied hippocampal regions known to be associated with social memory engrams involving the OT-system. At critical stages of development, we characterized cellular, physiological and biochemical alterations of these hippocampal regions in Magel2-deficient mice, alterations present in several ASD models. Overall we demonstrate a strong impact of oxytocin-administration at key stages of postnatal hippocampal neurodevelopment, shedding light on the role for oxytocin in treating neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by deficits in social memory.

 bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience

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