An important goal for vision science is to develop quantitative models for the representation of visual signals at post-receptoral sites. To this end, we develop the quadratic color model (QCM) and examine its ability to account for the BOLD fMRI response in human V1 to spatially-uniform temporal chromatic modulations, systematically varying in their chromatic directions and contrasts. We find that the QCM explains the same, cross-validated variance as a conventional GLM, with far fewer free parameters. The QCM generalizes to allow prediction of V1 responses to a large range of modulations. We replicated the results for each subject and find good agreement across both replications and subjects. We find that within the LM cone contrast plane, V1 is most sensitive to L-M contrast modulations and least sensitive to L+M contrast modulations. Within V1, we observe little to no change in chromatic sensitivity as a function of eccentricity.
bioRxiv Subject Collection: Neuroscience